BY OUESSALE EL ASSIMI, December 2013. PICTURES: Guillaume de Crop, October 2013. The Jordan Valley is located in the East of the West Bank, by the Jordanian border, in Area C. 95% of the Jordan Valley is under Israeli military … Continue reading →
Summary: In Huelva in Andalucia’s strawberry harvest is partly ensured by many Moroccan migrant women. Through agreements between Spain and Morocco workers are selected and brought in the south of Spain for crops. They are all mothers considered as more docile than men and more likely to return to Morocco, once the season ended, than those who do not have children. So they come without their families and are housed in groups often in opaque conditions. For the Moroccan State such initiatives allow to generate revenue abroad while fighting against illegal immigration. In 2008 a group of Senegalese women hired through the same types of agreements have escaped from the plantations and their “lures, disappointments and humiliations.”
The Origin’s Contracts system allows farmers in the region of Huelva in Andalucia to bring thousands of Moroccans, Romanians, Bulgarians and Poles workers for the strawberry harvest each year. Employers prefer women (more “docile”) and mothers to ensure a return to the country at the end of the season. This system know many abuses (unpaid hours, unsanitary accommodation) and compress the costs for labor and yet captures European funds for the fight against racism and xenophobia (project “Equal Area” or “Aeneas Cartaya “).